Florida Patients On Probation May Use Medical Marijuana

Probation Justice Scales
In Florida, individuals on probation who are suffering from conditions that medical marijuana could help treat are allowed to use it under certain circumstances. This is confirmed by the Florida Department of Corrections, which oversees probation rules. However, it's important to note that this does not exempt them from being tested for other illegal narcotics. There might be cases where valid patients may not be able to use medical marijuana while on probation, and in such instances, seeking legal counsel, speaking to a probation officer, and obtaining permission from a judge may be necessary.
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Since medical marijuana is still relatively new to Florida, there are still some grey areas and myths surrounding its usage. CannaMD is committed to fostering patient education and making treatment as easy to understand as possible.

Check out our article, below, to learn more about medical marijuana and whether patients can undergo treatment while on probation in Florida.

Can I Use Medical Marijuana on Probation?

With over 200,000 people on probation in Florida, many of those probationers are likely suffering from conditions that medical marijuana could help treat. The Florida Department of Corrections, the department responsible for the oversight of probationers, has confirmed it is accepting medical marijuana cards under certain circumstances.

The Department of Corrections told the Miami Herald:

If an offender under supervision provides a valid medical marijuana card issued by the Department of Health, he/she will not be drug tested for marijuana use as long as the medical marijuana card remains active.

However, this does not prevent the offender from being drug tested for other illegal narcotics as required in the orders of supervision.

Though the Florida Department of Corrections has confirmed it is accepting valid medical marijuana cards, it isn’t keeping a central tally of how many probationers have presented them.

If you are on probation and qualify for medical marijuana, you will still have to register on the Medical Marijuana Use Registry. Note: The Medical Marijuana Use Registry can be accessed by law enforcement under certain circumstances. (To learn more, check out our article: Are My Medical Marijuana Records Private?.)

While the Florida Department of Corrections is accepting medical marijuana cards, there may be some cases where valid patients may not be able to use medical marijuana on probation. Seeking the counsel of a lawyer, speaking to your probation officer, and being permitted to use medical marijuana by a judge may be necessary before obtaining a card and using medical cannabis.

The Case of Miguel Valdes

For a quick review of Florida’s evolving stance on medical marijuana use during probation, we don’t have to look any further than the case of Miguel Valdes.

In 1999, Valdes was found guilty of a gang-related murder and sentenced to twelve years in prison. At the time of his conviction, he was found to have been using marijuana and was originally prohibited from all drug use following his release in 2010. However, when Florida passed the Compassionate Medical Cannabis Act in 2014 and changed its marijuana policies, Valdes consulted his physician about possibly qualifying for treatment due to his diagnosis as a schizophrenic.

His doctor agreed that medical marijuana would be a viable treatment option and placed Valdes into the state’s Compassionate Use Registry as a patient (now known as the Medical Marijuana Use Registry, following the passage of Amendment 2 in 2016). However, due to his probationary status, Valdes was prohibited from using any illicit drugs and therefore his medical marijuana card was rendered useless.

In 2015, Valdes decided to petition the court for the right to use medical marijuana and was eventually approved despite his probation stipulations. The presiding judge, Teresa Mary Pooler, was quoted during the hearing as saying:

If the doctor is prescribing this I’m not going to go past his doctor. I’m not going to tell his doctor, ‘Listen, you can’t prescribe this stuff.’

To date, Miguel Valdes continues to remain a medical marijuana patient and has found significant relief from his struggle with schizophrenia.

In a 2017 interview with the Miami Herald, he stated:

I really need it for my sleeping. When I’m not taking it, I wasn’t sleeping and I’d wake up in a bad mood. I feel better now.

This case symbolized new hope for others who were on probation in Florida at the time and serves as a milestone in the advancement of medical cannabis legislation.

Florida’s Medical Marijuana Laws

With the signing of the Compassionate Medical Cannabis Act by Governor Rick Scott in 2014, Florida became the 22nd state to legalize access to medical marijuana. The Compassionate Medical Cannabis Act, or Senate Bill 1030, allowed licensed doctors to prescribe patients suffering from cancer, epilepsy, chronic seizures, or muscle spasms use of low-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) cannabis products. Senate Bill 1030 also created the Compassionate Use Registry, an online database where qualified medical marijuana patients and doctors were required to register.

Since 2014, Florida’s medical marijuana laws have expanded. With the addition of the Florida Medical Marijuana Legalization Initiative, also known as Amendment 2, the list of qualifying conditions for medical marijuana treatment has grown. (The Compassionate Use Registry is also now known as the Medical Marijuana Use Registry.)

If you are suffering from one of the following conditions, you may qualify for medical marijuana:

In addition to the qualifying conditions above, Senate Bill 8A allows for treatment of other “diagnosable, debilitating conditions of like, kind, or class” (such as anxiety, depression, and migraines), as well as terminal conditions (diagnosed by a physician other than the physician issuing certification) and chronic nonmalignant pain (defined as pain caused by a qualifying medical condition that persists beyond the usual course of that condition).

For a full list of conditions that may qualify, please see our Qualifying Conditions Resource Page.

Updated: May 28, 2024

Article Written By:

Marc H.

Marc is a professional writer specializing in medical cannabis and alternative health reporting.


Questions about medical marijuana? Ready to get your card and purchase legal cannabis products? CannaMD‘s state-certified network of medical marijuana doctors are here to help! Contact CannaMD‘s experienced team at (855) 420-9170 today. You can also find out if you qualify for medical marijuana treatment with our quick online application!

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